continuing to find ways to avoid the marine mammals from getting caught in
fishing gear. The problem can be separated into two categories: scavenging whales
and seals that help themselves to fish caught in gear. And marine mammals such
as harbor porpoises that accidentally become entangled or whales that stumble
associate professor Kate Wynne of the University of Alaska
Fairbanks has been researching this problem. At a
Tuesday lunch seminar she gave a public presentation at the Fisheries Industrial Technology
Center on Near Island.
-- mammals 1 :23 "So ultimately everyone's ... as much as
admits the problem of marine mammals intentionally picking nets is the biggest
problem and the hardest to solve. Her research centers on preventing what she
calls stumblers, those that unwittingly encounter fishing boats and gear. She
says there are a suite of options fishermen can use and her research last
summer looked at the effectiveness of different methods.
-- mammals 2 :39 "The most creative one ... and that seemed
species are protected under the Endangered Species Act and there are serious
penalties for harming marine mammals. Another problem, Wynne says, is there's
very little legal guidance for what fishermen can and can't do, though she
hastens to add that fire crackers shouldn't be used within 100 meters of an
-- mammals 3 :37 "Currently there is no ... hard fast - use
continues this summer when she plans to test beacons that emit low frequency
sounds designed to warn marine mammals of net hazards.